Montessori Alliance


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Theme: Well-Being


Learning Goals

Montessori Approach

Children will be strong psychologically and socially.



Montessori Classroom

Child works individually and as part of a group which helps to foster a belief in his own ability, respect for others and an appreciation that others have strengths and weakness and may have differing opinions.

In partnership with the adult, children will

  1. make strong attachments and develop warm and supportive relationships with family, peers and adults in out-of-home settings and in their community
  2. be aware of and name their own feelings, and understand that others may have different feelings
  3. handle transitions and changes well
  4. be confident and self-reliant
  5. respect themselves, others and the environment
  6. make decisions and choices about their own learning and development


  1. Encourage active listening skills; give opportunities to share thoughts & feelings by asking open questions.
  2. Circle Time – discussions which allow each child to take his/her turn and listen to others. Provide activities/pictures/games which enable children to identify feelings.
  3. Signposting by adult alerts children to change. Keeping to a regular but flexible routine.
  4. Practical Life exercises encourage independence & increase confidence.
  5. Modelled by adult & encouraged through the way children interact with each other, the material in & outside the class.
  6. Free choice of work/activities. Adult follows the child’s interests and presents learning opportunities which correspond.


Children will be as healthy and fit as they can be.


Montessori Indoor & Outdoor Environment

Just as the indoor environment is prepared by the adult the outdoor area which provides rich learning experiences for the child should be prepared to encourage the child to explore, take safe risk, and create his/her own play space.  Tools and equipment for digging, gardening etc should be in good order & stored safely. Supply open ended play equipment such as boxes, tyres, stones, wood etc.

In partnership with the adult, children will

  1. gain increasing control and co-ordination of body movements
  2. be aware of their bodies, their bodily functions, and their changing abilities
  3. discover, explore and refine gross and fine motor skills
  4. use self-help skills in caring for their own bodies
  5. show good judgement when taking risks
  6. make healthy choices and demonstrate positive attitudes to nutrition, hygiene, exercise and routine
  1. Practical Life Exercises provide opportunities to refine
  2. The increasing complexity within the full range of Montessori exercises leads the child from simple to complex experiences.
  3. In built control of error within the exercises allows the child to explore and discover what works & what doesn’t work.
  4. Practical Life exercises.
  5. Control of error within exercises & the ability to deal with any mishaps without fear of reprimand.
  6. Culture materials give the child an awareness of food, how it’s made, where it’s grown – using circle time & materials.


Children will be creative and spiritual.



Montessori Classroom

The Montessori Curriculum starts with the Universe and gradually focuses on the Earth and all life on the Earth thus giving the child a sense of being part of something & a responsibility to maintain the Earth through looking after their environment and everything within it.

In partnership with the adult, children will

  1. express themselves creatively and experience the arts
  2. express themselves through a variety of types of play
  3. develop and nurture their sense of wonder and awe
  4. become reflective and think flexibly
  5. care for the environment
  6. understand that others may have beliefs and values different to their own
  1. Variety of materials available for group & individual experiential art. Use of music, drama, songs, movement, dance.
  2. Indoor & Outdoor area prepared using real and manmade materials. Role playing
  3. Culture exercises – presentations of items within the natural world are made using real props and real experiences, tours etc
  4. Child’s opinion & thoughts asked for and reflected upon by child and adult.
  5. Practical Life exercises encourage care of the environment are modelled by adult & brought into the daily life of the classroom.
  6. Culture exercises – give an awareness of the different cultures/customs/beliefs in the world.


Children will have positive outlooks on learning and on life


Montessori Class

The child is in control of what he does and how he does it. But adult creates tailor-made solutions aimed at encouraging the child to try new experiences. Adult ensures materials are not misused which offer security and consistency to every child. If child misuses material it may indicate the adult has misread the child’s interests and need to construct further learning opportunities which develop the same skill but are rooted in what interests the child.

In partnership with the adult, children will

  1. show increasing independence, and be able to make choices and decisions
  2. demonstrate a sense of mastery and belief in their own abilities and display learning dispositions, such as determination and perseverance
  3. think positively, take learning risks and become resilient and resourceful when things go wrong
  4. motivate themselves, and welcome and seek challenge
  5. respect life, their own and others, and know that life has a meaning and purpose
  6. be active citizens
  1. Difficult of exercises are increased as child’s dexterity and ability increases.  The inbuilt control of error means the child know when he makes a mistake and can correct himself without adult intervention.
  2. Environment is laid out so the child can see what comes next, this encourages him. Child is given time to complete exercise to the best of his ability.
  3. The inherent control of error, ability to correct himself, & the tools taught through the practical life exercise to cope with mishaps contribute to a self assured positive learner.
  4. Child follows his interests & opportunities are designed by adult to match child’s interests with learning opportunities.
  5. Practical Life exercises include exercises specifically designed to teach care of the person and care of the environment.The biology exercises (botany & zoology) in the Culture Area foster an appreciation & respect for all life.









Source: Aistear Toolkit

Montessori Alliance 2012

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