Montessori Alliance

Exploring and Thinking


Theme: Exploring and Thinking


Learning Goals

Montessori Approach

Children will learn about and make sense of the world around them

Montessori Classroom

Child is gaining knowledge of himself, his environment and how to act & interact with others within it. Adult constructs learning opportunities to bring the world to the child and bring the child to the world.

In partnership with the adult, children will

  1. engage, explore and experiment in their environment and use new physical skills including skills to manipulate objects and materials
  2. demonstrate a growing understanding of themselves and others in their community
  3. develop an understanding of change as part of their lives
  4. learn about the natural environment and its features, materials, animals, and plants and their own responsibility as carers
  5. develop a sense of time, shape, space and place
  6. come to understand concepts such as matching, comparing, ordering, sorting, size, weight, height, length, capacity, and money in an enjoyable and meaningful way


  1. Freedom of choice – child chooses his own activities. Freedom of movement – child moves freely around the classroom. Complexity of learning opportunities increases as child acquires new skills
  2. Circle Time – discussions which allow each child to take his/her turn and listen to others. Provide activities/pictures/games which enable children to identify feelings.
  3. Learning opportunities are changed frequently.  Adult reinvents exercises by adding something new/different to extend materials and hold the child’s interest.
  4. Culture materials incorporate biology (botany & zoology), geography, history and science. Child is inspired to care for the environment by experiences presented through the culture exercises. Practical life exercises aid the development of the skills necessary to care for themselves & their environment.
  5. All of the areas of the Montessori Approach to Education contribute to child’s development of a sense of time, shape, space and place.
  6. By using real objects and real world situations all of the areas of the Montessori Approach to education contribute to child’s understanding of concepts.

Source: Aistear Toolkit & Montessori Alliance

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